What is Dandruff?
Dandruff a common skin condition that affects mainly the scalp and causes flaking of the skin of the scalp and sometimes accompanied with mild itching.
Sometimes, it becomes a social or self-esteem problems. Dandruff affects about half of the adults in the world. This condition may worsen in the winter. Males are more often affected than females.
A more severe form of dandruff is known as seborrheic dermatitis, which includes inflammation of the skin of the scalp.
Signs and Symptoms of dandruff
Signs & Symptoms of dandruff depends on the type of the disorder behind that. Here are some commonly noticed signs & symptoms of dandruff which are experienced by many people.
• Itchy scalp: The most common symptom of dandruff is an Itchy scalp. The itching is caused the due formation of dry flakes on the skin of the scalp. These visible flakes are the result of dead cells formed on the scalp.
• Red and greasy patches: Red and greasy patches on the skin of the scalp and a tingly feeling on the scalp are also symptoms.
• Hair fall: in some case Hair fall may occur due to dandruff in hair. We generally lose 30-50 hair every day, which is normal, but in case of dandruff, this range of hair loss can be increased which is an alarming symptom.
• Dry and Dull Hair: Dandruff extracts the oil from the scalp, which causes lifeless and dry hair. Hair starts appearing dull and unmanageable even after proper brushing.
The exact causes of dandruff are unknown but believed to involve a number of genetic and environmental factors. It is not due to poor hygiene. The underlying mechanism involves the overgrowth of skin cells of the scalp.
Some possible causes are:
1. Seborrheic dermatitis: People with seborrheic dermatitis have irritated, oily skin, and they are more likely to have dandruff.
The skin will be red, oily, and secured with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis is firmly connected with Malassezia, a growth that regularly lives on the scalp and sustains on the oils that the hair follicles emit.
It doesn't more often than not cause an issue; however, in a few people it ends up plainly overactive, making the scalp to create additional skin cells.
As these extra skin cells die and fall off, they mix with the oil from the hair and scalp, forming dandruff.
2. Dry skin: People with dry skin are more likely to have dandruff. Cold winter air combined with overheated rooms is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin. Dandruff that stems from dry skin tends to have smaller, non-oily flakes.
3. Not enough hair brushing: Brushing or combing the hair consistently diminishes the danger of dandruff since it helps in the ordinary shedding of skin.
4. Shampooing and skin care products: Certain hair care products loaded with harmful chemicals can trigger a red, itchy, scaling scalp.
5. Certain skin conditions: People with psoriasis, eczema, and some other skin disorders tend to get dandruff more frequently than others. 'Tinea capitis', a fungal infection also known as scalp ringworm, can cause dandruff.
6. Diet: Not sufficiently taking nourishment that contains zinc, B vitamins, and a few sorts of fats may increase the risk of developing dandruff.
7. Stress: There may be a link between stress and many skin problems.
8. Puberty: Dandruff is more likely from adolescence through middle age, although it can be life-long. It affects men more than women, possibly for reasons related to hormones.
9. Microorganisms: According to a study, bacteria (mainly Propionibacterium and Staphylococcus) are more likely to form dandruff than fungi. Bacterial presence was in turn influenced by water and sebum amount.
Complications of dandruff:
In general, it is very unusual for dandruff to cause any complications at all. If there are any complications, the only possibilities are:
• Infection - if there is any broken skin on the scalp, it can cause infection to the scalp. If the skin on the scalp becomes excessively itchy, the constant scratching can break open the skin a little, which is how the bacteria can enter and cause an infection.
• The most likely complication is an adverse reaction to any treatments you may be using. If you have sensitive skin and your scalp/face become irritated or inflamed by the medicated shampoo, you need to stop using it and consult your doctor to find a more appropriate treatment option.
• Acne and Pimples: Although not directly related to scalp or hair, you might notice a sudden outbreak of pimples and acne when having dandruff. Many individuals with the issue of pimples have gotten rid of it only after getting rid of dandruff.
Treatments for dandruff
There is no known cure. Treatments of dandruff depend on the type of cause for dandruff. Following are some home-based treatments for different types of dandruff.
1. Anti-Dandruff Shampoo: You will find many options when you look for an anti-dandruff shampoo. Ideally, you should pick a mild one so that you can shampoo as often as needed. anti-dandruff shampoo, mild in nature will help to remove the flakes from the scalp while restoring the natural sheen and luster of the hair. Shampoo containing Alovera, Dead Sea Salt, Tea tree oil, Chamomilla and other natural herbs are beneficial for the dry & itchy scalp.
You should leave the shampoos on the scalp for around 5 minutes, so that its ingredients may get enough time to work on the flaky and itchy scalp.
2. Curd and Lemon: Lemon and curd are the best home based cures for dandruff. Add a few drops of lemon into curd and apply the mixture on the scalp. Leave the pack for half an hour, and wash it off with plenty of water. Repeat the method 2-3 times a week for better results.
3. Antifungal treatments: It including ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione, and selenium disulfide have been found to be effective. But you should always use these types of products after consulting your physician.
4. Coal tar: Coal Tar causes the skin to shed dead cells from the top layer and slows skin cell growth.
Always try to treat your problem naturally. Try some homemade solution to treat dandruff and itchy scalp. Use natural & effective Shampoo. Take balanced and nutritious diet. Give importance to personal hygiene.
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